Human emotions are divided into positive and negative, which should be dominated by positive emotions and not too many negative emotions. If negative emotions exceed a certain intensity and duration, they can cause harm to the human body and affect physical and mental development. Normal emotions should have a reason, appropriate performance and moderate reaction. Any kind of emotion must have a reason, not something that comes out of nothing. The reaction is consistent with the magnitude of the internal and external stimuli or with the emotional response of most people. The duration of emotional intensity should be in line with general social norms.
This can be determined by a quick questioning screen. First, whether the past few months or weeks have been characterized by feelings of lethargy, sadness, and a diminishing sense of joy and happiness in life. Second, in addition to unhappiness, is there more negativity and pessimism than usual, and there is an inexplicable urge to cry. Third, do you wake up early more than once a month? Fourth, do you often feel that your study life is meaningless? The answer is called positive. If all four questions are positive, anxiety and depression should be considered.
How to treat anxiety and depression in adolescence? There are mild and severe anxiety and depression. Medication and psychotherapy are required.
Non-pharmacological treatment is generally divided into several areas. First, pay attention to the work and rest schedule, and try to develop a natural work and rest schedule. Second, the diet should be regular, to develop the habit of eating breakfast, pay attention to balanced nutrition, eat more vegetables and fruits. Third, active exercise, aerobic exercise will make the brain produce more happy hormones. Fourth, sleep, to ensure adequate sleep is an important factor in maintaining physical and mental health. Fifth, family support, parental understanding and recognition of the child is a very important point in the non-pharmacological treatment of anxiety and depressive mood disorders.
Medication is generally divided into several periods. First, the acute treatment period, to control and eliminate the obvious symptoms and pain. Second, the consolidation period, to prevent recurrence of the disorder. Third, the maintenance level treatment period, to prevent relapse of the disease. If you really have anxiety and depression disorder you should go to the hospital for examination. Medication should be selected under the guidance of a doctor and in accordance with the doctor's requirements. For severe depression, especially students with severe self-harm and suicidal tendencies must take timely measures for treatment, and sometimes hospitalization is required. The parents of adolescent children are also crucial. Do not deny easily when children express their pain; family understanding, companionship and support are important forces for recovery, and a good family atmosphere is conducive to the patient's recovery. For students with anxiety disorders or depressive disorders, try to keep studying, keep interacting with classmates, and do not take breaks or take time off from school easily.