In the global economic system, international logistics trade is an important part of supporting economic exchanges between countries. At present, the modes of international logistics trade mainly include ocean freight transportation, air transportation, railroad freight transportation and international EMS.

Ocean freight transportation is a mode that can use our sea route network for enterprise logistics company transportation. Because of its large capacity, low freight cost, strong adaptability of goods and other characteristics, the ocean freight market occupies two-thirds of the total volume of international economic trade.国際輸送 In China, the proportion of ocean freight transportation has even reached 90%. The main content of ocean freight management is divided into liner transportation and chartered ship transportation. Liner transportation is regular, while the chartered ship transportation aspect is through irregular.

Air freight transportation, though started late, is developing rapidly. Its main advantages are that it is not restricted by ground, and the transportation is precise, safe and fast. However, the main disadvantage of air freight is its high cost.

Railroad freight is another important mode of transportation management for international social logistics enterprises. Its advantages mainly include fast transportation speed, long distance and low cost control fees.

International express logistics transportation is usually handled by national postal services and forms an international network through inter-country agreements and conventions. This mode of transportation is suitable for lighter and smaller items, which usually have a high value.

Characteristics of international cargo transportation

In comparison with the transportation of goods in general, international transportation of goods is characterized by the following features.


1. Many intermediate stages and long transportation distances: since the logistics transportation of China's international economic and trade enterprises is usually between countries, it involves a variety of barriers and terrains, and requires a variety of transportation management tools to be used in conjunction with each other, as well as multiple loading and unloading. In addition, the transportation distance is usually long due to the social need for students to analyze different data types by analyzing different data types of countries and ethnic regions.

2. International transportation of goods involves cargo owners, transport authorities, commodity inspection agencies, insurance companies, banks, customs and various intermediaries in many countries. Since the policies, financial and monetary, logistics and transportation habits, natural environment and so on are different in each country, it is necessary to consider all aspects of the factors, which makes the international transportation of goods more complicated than the logistics of a single country.

3. Time-sensitive:In international trade, the quantity of goods is usually large. Therefore, a delay of a few days in logistics and transportation may result in a significant change in the price of the product and a huge loss to the buyer. In addition, due to the long distance between buyers and sellers, the period of litigation can be very long. Therefore, buyers and sellers want to find reputable partners. Punctuality is a simple and effective way to verify a merchant's reputation. Therefore, in order to win the trust of partners, it is very important to start from punctuality.

4. High risk of transportation enterprises: Due to the long distance of China's international trade goods for transportation, the intermediate development stage, covering a wide range of factors, these influencing factors will greatly increase the risk of product transportation. Therefore, in most cases, the mode of international cargo transportation will handle cargo transportation insurance.

5. International relations: International cargo transportation is also affected by the relations between two countries. If the relationship between the two countries is good, then there will be some convenience in the transportation of goods. On the other hand, if the relationship between the two countries is tense, then it may be difficult to transport goods or even impossible to carry out normal international trade logistics.

Generally speaking, international logistics trade is a complex process involving various modes of transportation and multiple links. Understanding its characteristics and requirements is of great significance in ensuring smooth transportation of goods, reducing transportation risks and improving transportation efficiency.